• Q3 revenue grew 21% year-over-year; subscription revenue grew 22% year-over-year
  • Current remaining performance obligations (cRPO) grew 16% year-over-year to $1.83 billion
  • Record operating cash flow of $156 million and record free cash flow of $150 million

Okta, Inc. (Nasdaq: OKTA), the leading independent identity partner, today announced financial results for its third quarter ended October 31, 2023.

“Our Q3 performance was highlighted by solid top-line growth, record non-GAAP operating profit, and record free cash flow,” said Todd McKinnon, Chief Executive Officer and co-founder of Okta. "We are particularly enthusiastic about the adoption of Okta Identity Governance and the general availability of Okta Privileged Access, which uniquely positions us as the only unified modern identity platform. Over 18,800 leading organizations around the world put their trust in Okta and we are thankful for their continued partnership."

Third Quarter Fiscal 2024 Financial Highlights:

  • Revenue: Total revenue was $584 million, an increase of 21% year-over-year. Subscription revenue was $569 million, an increase of 22% year-over-year.
  • RPO: RPO, or subscription backlog, was $3.07 billion, an increase of 8% year-over-year. cRPO, which is subscription backlog expected to be recognized over the next 12 months, was $1.83 billion, up 16% compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • GAAP Operating Loss: GAAP operating loss was $111 million, or (19)% of total revenue, compared to a GAAP operating loss of $207 million, or (43)% of total revenue, in the third quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • Non-GAAP Operating Income: Non-GAAP operating income was a record $85 million, or 15% of total revenue, compared to a non-GAAP operating income of $0 million, or 0% of total revenue, in the third quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • GAAP Net Loss: GAAP net loss was $81 million, compared to a GAAP net loss of $209 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2023. GAAP net loss per share was $0.49, compared to a GAAP net loss per share of $1.32 in the third quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • Non-GAAP Net Income/Loss: Non-GAAP net income was $79 million, compared to a non-GAAP net loss of $0 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2023. Non-GAAP basic and diluted net income per share were $0.48 and $0.44, respectively, compared to non-GAAP basic and diluted net loss per share of $0.00 in the third quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • Cash Flow: Net cash provided by operations was a record $156 million, or 27% of total revenue, compared to net cash provided by operations of $10 million, or 2% of total revenue, in the third quarter of fiscal 2023. Free cash flow was a record $150 million, or 26% of total revenue, compared to $6 million, or 1% of total revenue, in the third quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments were $2.13 billion at October 31, 2023. During the quarter, the company repurchased $150 million principal amount of the convertible senior notes due in 2026, resulting in a gain on early extinguishment of debt of $18 million.

The section titled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" below contains a description of the non-GAAP financial measures, and reconciliations between GAAP and non-GAAP information are contained in the tables below.

Financial Outlook:

All periods factor in a stable, but still challenging macro environment, as well as the potential impact on our business related to the October 2023 security incident.

For the fourth quarter of fiscal 2024, the Company expects:

  • Total revenue of $585 million to $587 million, representing a growth rate of 15% year-over-year;
  • Current RPO of $1.875 billion to $1.880 billion, representing a growth rate of 11% to 12% year-over-year;
  • Non-GAAP operating income of $102 million to $104 million, which yields a non-GAAP operating margin of 17% to 18%; and
  • Non-GAAP diluted net income per share of $0.50 to $0.51, assuming diluted weighted-average shares outstanding of approximately 180 million and a non-GAAP tax rate of 26%.

For the full year fiscal 2024, the Company now expects:

  • Total revenue of $2.243 billion to $2.245 billion, representing a growth rate of 21% year-over-year;
  • Non-GAAP operating income of $283 million to $285 million, which yields a non-GAAP operating margin of 13%;
  • Non-GAAP diluted net income per share of $1.47 to $1.48, assuming diluted weighted-average shares outstanding of approximately 179 million and a non-GAAP tax rate of 26%; and
  • Non-GAAP free cash flow margin of 19%.

Preliminary outlook for fiscal 2025:

  • Total revenue of $2.460 billion to $2.470 billion, representing a growth rate of 10% year-over-year;
  • Non-GAAP operating margin of 17%; and
  • Non-GAAP free cash flow margin of at least 19%.

These statements are forward-looking and actual results may differ materially. Refer to the Forward-Looking Statements safe harbor below for information on the factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from these forward-looking statements.

Okta has not reconciled its forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP measures because certain items are out of Okta’s control or cannot be reasonably predicted. Accordingly, reconciliations for forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures are not available without unreasonable effort.

Webcast Information:

Okta will host a live video webcast at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time on November 29, 2023 to discuss the results and outlook. The prepared remarks and the news release with the financial results will be accessible from the Company’s website at investor.okta.com prior to the webcast. The live video webcast will be accessible from the Okta investor relations website at investor.okta.com. A replay will be available on the Okta investor relations website following the completion of the event.

Supplemental Financial and Other Information:

Supplemental financial and other information can be accessed through the Company’s investor relations website at investor.okta.com. Okta uses its investor.okta.com website and okta.com/blog websites (including the Security Blog, Okta Developer Blog and Auth0 Developer Blog) as a means of disclosing material non-public information, announcing upcoming investor conferences and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Accordingly, you should monitor our investor relations and okta.com/blog websites in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures:

This press release and the accompanying tables contain the following non-GAAP financial measures: non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating income (loss), non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP net margin, non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, basic and diluted, non-GAAP tax rate, free cash flow and free cash flow margin. Certain of these non-GAAP financial measures exclude stock-based compensation, non-cash charitable contributions, amortization of acquired intangibles, acquisition and integration-related expenses, restructuring costs related to severance and termination benefits and lease impairments in connection with the closing of certain leased facilities, amortization of debt issuance costs and (gain) loss on early extinguishment of debt. Acquisition and integration-related expenses include transaction costs and other non-recurring incremental costs incurred through the one-year anniversary of the transaction close.

Stock-based compensation is non-cash in nature and is generally fixed at the time the stock-based instrument is granted and amortized over a period of several years. Although stock-based compensation is an important aspect of the compensation of our employees and executives, the expense for the fair value of the stock-based instruments we utilize may bear little resemblance to the actual value realized upon the vesting or future exercise of the related stock-based awards. We believe excluding stock-based compensation provides meaningful supplemental information regarding the long-term performance of our core business and facilitates comparison of our results to those of peer companies.

We also exclude non-cash charitable contributions, amortization of acquired intangibles, acquisition and integration-related expenses, restructuring costs related to severance and termination benefits and lease impairments in connection with the closing of certain leased facilities, amortization of debt issuance costs and (gain) loss on early extinguishment of debt from the applicable non-GAAP financial measures because these adjustments are considered by management to be outside of our core operating results.

In addition to these exclusions, starting in fiscal 2024, we subtract an assumed provision for income taxes to calculate non-GAAP net income. We utilize a fixed long-term projected tax rate of 26% in our computation of the non-GAAP income tax provision to provide better consistency across the reporting periods. The non-GAAP tax rate could be subject to change for a variety of reasons, including changes in tax laws and regulations, significant changes in our geographic earnings mix, or other changes to our strategy or business operations. We will periodically reevaluate the projected long-term tax rate, as necessary, for significant events, based on our ongoing analysis of relevant tax law changes, material changes in the forecasted geographic earnings mix, and any significant acquisitions.

We define free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, as net cash provided by operating activities, less cash used for purchases of property and equipment, net of sales proceeds, and capitalized software. Free cash flow margin is calculated as free cash flow divided by total revenue. We use free cash flow as a measure of financial progress in our business, as it balances operating results, cash management, and capital efficiency. We believe information regarding free cash flow provides investors and others with an important perspective on the cash available to make strategic acquisitions and investments, to fund ongoing operations, and to fund other capital expenditures. Free cash flow can be volatile and is sensitive to many factors, including changes in working capital and timing of capital expenditures. Working capital at any specific point in time is subject to many variables, including seasonality, the discretionary timing of expense payments, discounts offered by vendors, vendor payment terms, and fluctuations in foreign exchange rates.

We periodically reassess the components of our non-GAAP adjustments for changes in how we evaluate our performance and changes in how we make financial and operational decisions, and consider the use of these measures by our competitors and peers to ensure the adjustments remain relevant and meaningful.

Okta believes that non-GAAP financial information, when taken collectively with GAAP financial measures, may be helpful to investors because it provides consistency and comparability with past financial performance and assists in comparisons with other companies, some of which use similar non-GAAP financial information to supplement their GAAP results. The non-GAAP financial information is presented for supplemental informational purposes only, and should not be considered a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, and may be different from similarly-titled non-GAAP measures used by other companies.

The principal limitation of these non-GAAP financial measures is that they exclude significant expenses that are required by GAAP to be recorded in the Company’s financial statements. In addition, they are subject to inherent limitations as they reflect the exercise of judgment by the Company's management about which expenses are excluded or included in determining these non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation is provided below for each non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable financial measure stated in accordance with GAAP.

Okta encourages investors to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, which it includes in press releases announcing quarterly financial results, including this press release, and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate the Company’s business.

Forward-Looking Statements: This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including but not limited to, statements regarding our financial outlook, business strategy and plans, market trends and market size, opportunities and positioning. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections. Words such as "expect," "anticipate," "should," "believe," "hope," "target," "project," "goals," "estimate," "potential," "predict," "may," "will," "might," "could," "intend," "shall" and variations of these terms and similar expressions are intended to identify these forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which involve factors or circumstances that are beyond our control. For example, the market for our products may develop more slowly than expected or than it has in the past; there may be significant fluctuations in our results of operations and cash flows related to our revenue recognition or otherwise; we may not achieve expected synergies and efficiencies of operations between Okta and Auth0, and we may not be able to successfully integrate the companies; global economic conditions could worsen; a prior or future network, data or cybersecurity incident that has allowed or does allow unauthorized access to our network or data or our customers’ data could damage our reputation, cause us to incur significant costs or impact the timing or our ability to land new customers or retain existing customers; we could experience interruptions or performance problems associated with our technology, including a service outage; and we may not be able to pay off our convertible senior notes when due. Further information on potential factors that could affect our financial results is included in our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The forward-looking statements included in this press release represent our views only as of the date of this press release and we assume no obligation and do not intend to update these forward-looking statements.

About Okta

Okta is the World’s Identity Company. As the leading independent Identity partner, we free everyone to safely use any technology—anywhere, on any device or app. The most trusted brands trust Okta to enable secure access, authentication, and automation. With flexibility and neutrality at the core of our Okta Workforce Identity and Customer Identity Clouds, business leaders and developers can focus on innovation and accelerate digital transformation, thanks to customizable solutions and more than 7,000 pre-built integrations. We’re building a world where Identity belongs to you. Learn more at okta.com.

OKTA, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (dollars in millions, shares in thousands, except per share data) (unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended October 31,

 

Nine Months Ended October 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subscription

$

569

 

 

$

466

 

 

$

1,614

 

 

$

1,299

 

Professional services and other

 

15

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

49

 

Total revenue

 

584

 

 

 

481

 

 

 

1,658

 

 

 

1,348

 

Cost of revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subscription(1)

 

126

 

 

 

117

 

 

 

376

 

 

 

345

 

Professional services and other(1)

 

19

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

60

 

 

 

62

 

Total cost of revenue

 

145

 

 

 

138

 

 

 

436

 

 

 

407

 

Gross profit

 

439

 

 

 

343

 

 

 

1,222

 

 

 

941

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development(1)

 

165

 

 

 

148

 

 

 

500

 

 

 

466

 

Sales and marketing(1)

 

270

 

 

 

290

 

 

 

787

 

 

 

807

 

General and administrative(1)

 

111

 

 

 

98

 

 

 

340

 

 

 

309

 

Restructuring and other charges

 

4

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

14

 

Total operating expenses

 

550

 

 

 

550

 

 

 

1,655

 

 

 

1,596

 

Operating loss

 

(111

)

 

 

(207

)

 

 

(433

)

 

 

(655

)

Interest expense

 

(2

)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(7

)

 

 

(9

)

Interest income and other, net

 

21

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

56

 

 

 

12

 

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

 

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

91

 

 

 

 

Interest and other, net

 

37

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

140

 

 

 

3

 

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

(74

)

 

 

(205

)

 

 

(293

)

 

 

(652

)

Provision for income taxes

 

7

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

10

 

Net loss

$

(81

)

 

$

(209

)

 

$

(311

)

 

$

(662

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(0.49

)

 

$

(1.32

)

 

$

(1.91

)

 

$

(4.21

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

164,381

 

 

 

158,708

 

 

 

162,836

 

 

 

157,344

 

(1)

 

Amounts include stock-based compensation expense as follows:

 

Three Months Ended October 31,

 

Nine Months Ended October 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Cost of subscription revenue

$

20

 

$

17

 

$

57

 

$

52

Cost of professional services and other

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

11

 

 

11

Research and development

 

70

 

 

69

 

 

212

 

 

209

Sales and marketing

 

40

 

 

41

 

 

119

 

 

119

General and administrative

 

39

 

 

41

 

 

124

 

 

122

Total stock-based compensation expense

$

172

 

$

172

 

$

523

 

$

513

OKTA, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (dollars in millions) (unaudited)

 

 

October 31,

 

January 31,

 

2023

 

2023

Assets

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

400

 

 

$

264

 

Short-term investments

 

1,730

 

 

 

2,316

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowances

 

418

 

 

 

481

 

Deferred commissions

 

104

 

 

 

92

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

75

 

 

 

76

 

Total current assets

 

2,727

 

 

 

3,229

 

Property and equipment, net

 

50

 

 

 

59

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

91

 

 

 

122

 

Deferred commissions, noncurrent

 

220

 

 

 

210

 

Intangible assets, net

 

197

 

 

 

241

 

Goodwill

 

5,406

 

 

 

5,400

 

Other assets

 

49

 

 

 

46

 

Total assets

$

8,740

 

 

$

9,307

 

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

11

 

 

$

12

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

108

 

 

 

112

 

Accrued compensation

 

168

 

 

 

99

 

Deferred revenue

 

1,256

 

 

 

1,242

 

Total current liabilities

 

1,543

 

 

 

1,465

 

Convertible senior notes, net, noncurrent

 

1,302

 

 

 

2,193

 

Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent

 

119

 

 

 

142

 

Deferred revenue, noncurrent

 

18

 

 

 

18

 

Other liabilities, noncurrent

 

28

 

 

 

23

 

Total liabilities

 

3,010

 

 

 

3,841

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

Preferred stock

 

 

 

 

 

Class A common stock

 

 

 

 

 

Class B common stock

 

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

8,534

 

 

 

7,974

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(18

)

 

 

(33

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(2,786

)

 

 

(2,475

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

5,730

 

 

 

5,466

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

8,740

 

 

$

9,307

 

OKTA, INC. SUMMARY OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (dollars in millions) (unaudited)

 

 

Nine Months Ended October 31,

 

2023

 

2022

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(311

)

 

$

(662

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

523

 

 

 

513

 

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

 

64

 

 

 

89

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

3

 

 

 

4

 

Amortization of deferred commissions

 

76

 

 

 

61

 

Deferred income taxes

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

Lease impairment charges

 

25

 

 

 

14

 

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

 

(91

)

 

 

 

Net (gain) loss on strategic investments

 

1

 

 

 

(2

)

Other, net

 

5

 

 

 

2

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

61

 

 

 

15

 

Deferred commissions

 

(102

)

 

 

(82

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(1

)

 

 

(4

)

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

18

 

 

 

21

 

Accounts payable

 

(1

)

 

 

29

 

Accrued compensation

 

70

 

 

 

(30

)

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

9

 

 

 

(6

)

Operating lease liabilities

 

(29

)

 

 

(22

)

Deferred revenue

 

14

 

 

 

66

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

338

 

 

 

10

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

Capitalized software

 

(10

)

 

 

(8

)

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(5

)

 

 

(9

)

Purchases of securities available-for-sale and other

 

(1,151

)

 

 

(872

)

Proceeds from maturities and redemption of securities available-for-sale

 

1,702

 

 

 

848

 

Proceeds from sales of securities available-for-sale and other

 

61

 

 

 

 

Purchases of intangible assets

 

(1

)

 

 

(2

)

Payments for business acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

(22

)

 

 

(4

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

574

 

 

 

(47

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

Payments for repurchases of convertible senior notes

 

(803

)

 

 

 

Payments for warrants related to convertible senior notes

 

(7

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from stock option exercises, net of repurchases

 

10

 

 

 

15

 

Proceeds from shares issued in connection with employee stock purchase plan

 

26

 

 

 

19

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(774

)

 

 

34

 

Effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(1

)

 

 

(11

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

137

 

 

 

(14

)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

271

 

 

 

273

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

408

 

 

$

259

 

OKTA, INC. Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Data (dollars in millions, shares in thousands, except per share data) (unaudited)

Non-GAAP Gross Profit and Non-GAAP Gross Margin

We define non-GAAP gross profit and non-GAAP gross margin as GAAP gross profit and GAAP gross margin, adjusted for stock-based compensation expense included in cost of revenue, amortization of acquired intangibles and acquisition and integration-related expenses.

 

Three Months Ended October 31,

 

Nine Months Ended October 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Gross profit

$

439

 

 

$

343

 

 

$

1,222

 

 

$

941

 

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense included in cost of revenue

 

23

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

68

 

 

 

63

 

Amortization of acquired intangibles

 

11

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

33

 

Acquisition and integration-related expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Non-GAAP gross profit

$

473

 

 

$

375

 

 

$

1,325

 

 

$

1,038

 

Gross margin

 

75

%

 

 

71

%

 

 

74

%

 

 

70

%

Non-GAAP gross margin

 

81

%

 

 

78

%

 

 

80

%

 

 

77

%

Non-GAAP Operating Income (Loss) and Non-GAAP Operating Margin

We define non-GAAP operating income (loss) and non-GAAP operating margin as GAAP operating loss and GAAP operating margin, adjusted for stock-based compensation expense, non-cash charitable contributions, amortization of acquired intangibles, acquisition and integration-related expenses and restructuring costs related to severance and termination benefits and lease impairments in connection with the closing of certain leased facilities.

 

Three Months Ended October 31,

 

Nine Months Ended October 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Operating loss

$

(111

)

 

$

(207

)

 

$

(433

)

 

$

(655

)

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

172

 

 

 

172

 

 

 

523

 

 

 

513

 

Non-cash charitable contributions

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

2

 

Amortization of acquired intangibles

 

18

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

59

 

 

 

63

 

Acquisition and integration-related expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

Restructuring costs

 

4

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

14

 

Non-GAAP operating income (loss)

$

85

 

 

$

 

 

$

181

 

 

$

(56

)

Operating margin

 

(19

)%

 

 

(43

)%

 

 

(26

)%

 

 

(49

)%

Non-GAAP operating margin

 

15

%

 

 

%

 

 

11

%

 

 

(4

)%

Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss), Non-GAAP Net Margin and Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss) Per Share, Basic and Diluted

We define non-GAAP net income (loss) and non-GAAP net margin as GAAP net loss and GAAP net margin, adjusted for stock-based compensation expense, non-cash charitable contributions, amortization of acquired intangibles, acquisition and integration-related expenses, amortization of debt issuance costs, gain on early extinguishment of debt and restructuring costs related to severance and termination benefits and lease impairments in connection with the closing of certain leased facilities. In addition, starting in fiscal 2024, we subtract an assumed provision for income taxes to calculate non-GAAP net income. We utilize a fixed long-term projected tax rate of 26% in our computation of the non-GAAP income tax provision to provide better consistency across the reporting periods.

We define non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, basic, as non-GAAP net income (loss) divided by GAAP weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic and diluted.

We define non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, diluted, as non-GAAP net income (loss) divided by GAAP weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic and diluted adjusted for the potentially dilutive effect of (i) employee equity incentive plans, excluding the impact of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense, and (ii) convertible senior notes outstanding and related warrants. In addition, non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, diluted, includes the impact of our note hedge and capped call agreements on convertible senior notes outstanding, as applicable. The note hedge and capped call agreements are intended to offset potential dilution to our Class A common stock upon any conversion or settlement of the convertible senior notes under certain circumstances. Accordingly, we did not record any adjustments for the potential impact of the convertible senior notes outstanding under the if-converted method.

 

Three Months Ended October 31,

 

Nine Months Ended October 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Net loss

$

(81

)

 

$

(209

)

 

$

(311

)

 

$

(662

)

Add:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

172

 

 

 

172

 

 

 

523

 

 

 

513

 

Non-cash charitable contributions

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

2

 

Amortization of acquired intangibles

 

18

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

59

 

 

 

63

 

Acquisition and integration-related expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

4

 

Gain on early extinguishment of debt

 

(18

)

 

 

 

 

 

(91

)

 

 

 

Restructuring costs

 

4

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

14

 

Tax adjustment

 

(19

)

 

 

 

 

 

(42

)

 

 

 

Non-GAAP net income (loss)

$

79

 

 

$

 

 

$

173

 

 

$

(59

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net margin

 

(14

)%

 

 

(43

)%

 

 

(19

)%

 

 

(49

)%

Non-GAAP net margin

 

13

%

 

 

%

 

 

10

%

 

 

(4

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share, basic and diluted

 

164,381

 

 

 

158,708

 

 

 

162,836

 

 

 

157,344

 

Non-GAAP weighted-average effect of potentially dilutive securities

 

14,904

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,254

 

 

 

 

Non-GAAP weighted-average shares used to compute non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, diluted

 

179,285

 

 

 

158,708

 

 

 

178,090

 

 

 

157,344

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(0.49

)

 

$

(1.32

)

 

$

(1.91

)

 

$

(4.21

)

Non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, basic

$

0.48

 

 

$

 

 

$

1.06

 

 

$

(0.38

)

Non-GAAP net income (loss) per share, diluted

$

0.44

 

 

$

 

 

$

0.97

 

 

$

(0.38

)

OKTA, INC. Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures (dollars in millions) (unaudited)

Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow Margin

We define free cash flow, a non-GAAP financial measure, as net cash provided by operating activities, less cash used for purchases of property and equipment, net of sales proceeds, and capitalized software. Free cash flow margin is calculated as free cash flow divided by total revenue.

In fiscal 2024, we updated our definition of free cash flow to include on-premise software purchases in addition to capitalized internal-use software costs within capitalized software.

 

Three Months Ended October 31,

 

Nine Months Ended October 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

156

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

338

 

 

$

10

 

Less:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(3

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(5

)

 

 

(9

)

Capitalized software

 

(3

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(10

)

 

 

(8

)

Free cash flow

$

150

 

 

$

6

 

 

$

323

 

 

$

(7

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

$

20

 

 

$

22

 

 

$

574

 

 

$

(47

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

$

(133

)

 

$

6

 

 

$

(774

)

 

$

34

 

Operating cash flow margin

 

27

%

 

 

2

%

 

 

20

%

 

 

1

%

Free cash flow margin

 

26

%

 

 

1

%

 

 

19

%

 

 

(1

)%

 

Investor Contact: Dave Gennarelli investor@okta.com

Media Contact: Kyrk Storer press@okta.com

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